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After the reorganisation of London in the s, many parts of the city now lie outside the traditional postcode zone.
The postal town can be a wide area and does not relate to a specific town, county or region. GL51 is one of the postcodes for the town of Cheltenham in Gloucestershire.
Theoretically, deliveries can reach their destination using the house number and post code alone; however, this is against Royal Mail guidelines, which request the use of a full address at all times.
The S and NE sectors were later abolished. In , as a wartime measure to improve efficiency, these were subdivided with a number applied to each sub-district, with the area served directly by the district head office as "1" with the others allocated alphabetically by delivery office, leading to N2 East Finchley delivery office, N3 Finchley delivery office, N4 Finsbury Park delivery office.
These divisions changed little, usually only changed for operational efficiency. Following the successful introduction of postal districts in London, the system was extended to other large towns and cities.
In , Dublin — then still part of the United Kingdom — was divided into numbered postal districts. These continue in use in a modified form by An Post , the postal service of the Republic of Ireland.
In January the Postmaster General approved the designation of some predominantly urban areas into numbered districts. Pamphlets were issued to each householder and business in ten areas notifying them of the number of the district in which their premises lay.
The pamphlets included a map of the districts, and copies were made available at local head post offices. The public were "particularly invited" to include the district number in the address at the head of letters.
The slogan for the campaign was "For speed and certainty always use a postal district number on your letters and notepaper".
Every post office in the numbered district was also to display this information. Businesses were issued with a free booklet containing maps and listings of the correct district number for every street in the ten areas.
The ten areas were: For example, Toxteth was Liverpool 8. A single numbering sequence was shared by Manchester and Salford: Some Birmingham codes were sub-divided with a letter, such as Great Barr, Birmingham 22 or Birmingham 22a ,  as can still be seen on many older street-name signs.
The Post Office experimented with electromechanical sorting machines in the late s. Postcodes were suggested to increase the efficiency of this process, by removing the need for the sorter to remember the correct sorting for as many places.
The envisaged format was a six-character alphanumeric code with three letters designating the geographical area and three numbers to identify the individual address.
Norwich had been selected as it already had eight automatic mail sorting machines in use. In October , Tony Benn as Postmaster General  announced that postal coding was to be extended to the rest of the country in the next few years.
On 1 May postcodes were introduced in Croydon. The uniform system of a set of three final characters, after the space, such as 0AA, known as the inward code, was adopted.
During , occupants of addresses began to receive notification of their postcode. Asked in the House of Commons about the completion of the coding exercise, the Minister of State for Posts and Telecommunications whose role superseded that of Postmaster General in , Sir John Eden , stated that it was expected to be completed during NPT lasted until the end of when it was recoded NP9.
When the national postcode system was introduced, many existing postal districts were incorporated into it, so that postcodes in Toxteth Liverpool 8 start with L8.
The old coding lives on in a small number of street signs with for example "Salford 7" at the bottom. In other cases, the district numbers were replaced with unrelated numbers.
In London as postally defined created postal districts are mapped unchanged to those of today but its much enlarged administrative area, Greater London was created in April Additionally, there were too few postcodes to adequately cover districts in central London particularly in the WC and EC areas , so these were subdivided with a letter suffix rather than being split into new numbered districts, so as to retain the familiar codes.
The Office for National Statistics ONS Geography maintains and publishes a series of freely available, downloadable postcode products that link all current and terminated UK postcodes to a range of administrative, health, statistical and other geographies using the Code-Point Open grid reference.
The postcodes are alphanumeric, and are variable in length: Each post code is divided into two parts separated by a single space: The outward code includes the postcode area and the postcode district , respectively.
The inward code includes the postcode sector and the postcode unit respectively. The outward code is the part of the postcode before the single space in the middle.
It is between two and four characters long. A few outward codes are non-geographic, not divulging where mail is to be sent. The postcode area is part of the outward code.
The postcode area is either one or two characters long and is all letters. The postcode district is made of one or two digits or a digit followed by a letter.
The outward code is between two and four characters long. The inward code is the part of the postcode after the single space in the middle.
It is three characters long. The inward code assists in the delivery of post within a postal district. The postcode sector is made up of the postcode district, the single space, and the first character of the inward code.
It is between four and six characters long including the single space. The postcode unit is two characters added to the end of the postcode sector.
Each postcode unit generally represents a street, part of a street, a single address, a group of properties, a single property, a sub-section of the property, an individual organisation or for instance Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency a subsection of the organisation.
The level of discrimination is often based on the amount of mail received by the premises or business. A postcode can be validated against a table of all 1.
The following regular expression can be used for the purpose of validation:. All, or part, of one or more postcode districts are grouped into post towns.
In a minority of cases a single number can cover two post towns — for example, the WN8 district includes Wigan and Skelmersdale post towns. The independent jurisdiction of Sark was assigned a unique postcode prefix GY10 in to differentiate it from Alderney.
Sark should have had its own identity back then [when postcodes were adopted in ]". Some of the British Overseas Territories have their own postcodes or postcode systems:.
These were introduced because mail was often sent to the wrong place, e. Mail from the UK continues to be treated as international, not inland, and sufficient postage must be used.
An agreed payment based on volumes is made, year on year. Other forms of postage are collected at local mail centres, but Heathrow collects those that still get forwarded to them.
British Overseas Territories typically have a local or UK government postal system operator see List of postal entities , even if a postal code is assigned by Royal Mail for internal UK routing.
Most postcodes apply to a geographic area but some are used only for routing and cannot be used for navigation or distance-finding.
Non-geographic postcode area BX is used solely for non-geographic addresses, with codes independent of the location of the recipient. However, Royal Mail sometimes assigns semi- mnemonic postcodes to high-profile organisations.
The postcode printed on Business Reply envelopes which do not require a stamp often ends with the letters BR. Postcodes are used to sort letters to their destination either manually, where sorters use labelled frames, or increasingly with letter-coding systems, where machines assist in sorting.
A long string of "faced" letters i. The associated machine uses the outward codes in these dots to direct bundles of letters into the correct bags for specific delivery offices.
With a machine knowledge of the specific addresses handled by each postal walk at each office, the bundles can be further sorted using the dots of the inward sorting code so that each delivery round receives only its own letters.
The mail bags of letter bundles are sent by road, air or train, and eventually by road to the delivery office. Integrated Mail Processors IMPs read the postcode on the item and translate it into two phosphorous barcodes, unique to the inward and outward parts of the postcode, which the machines subsequently print and read, to sort the mail to the correct outward postcode.
On such items the top phosphorous barcode is the inward part of the code, the bottom is the outward. A newer system of five-digit codes called Mailsort was designed for users who send "a minimum of 4, letter-sized items".
Mailsort users are supplied with a database to allow them to convert from postcodes to Mailsort codes and receive a discount if they deliver mail to the post office split up by Mailsort code.
Users providing outgoing mail sorted by postcode receive no such incentive since postcode areas and districts are assigned using permanent mnemonics, and do not therefore assist with grouping items together into operationally significant blocks.
Walksort [ clarification needed ] was discontinued in May There are approximately 1. Each postcode is divided by a space into two parts.
As mentioned above, the first part is known as a postcode district. Postcode districts with the same one or two letter prefixes are grouped into postcode areas.
The second part of a postcode begins with a single digit which indicates the postcode sector within each district. Postcode areas are also divided into several post towns , which predate the introduction of postcodes, with the London post town uniquely covering more than one postcode area.
As of June , there are postcode areas, 2, postcode districts, 11, postcode sectors, and 1, post towns. But most postcodes are shared by several neighbouring properties, typically covering about 15 addresses.
There are also significant numbers of discontinued terminated codes. Each month some 2, postcodes are created and 2, terminated.
The PAF is commercially licenseable and is often incorporated in address management software packages. The capabilities of such packages allow most addresses to be constructed solely from the postcode and house number.
By including the map references of postcodes in the address database, the postcode can be used to pinpoint a postcode area on a map.
PAF is updated daily. A complete list of all current Great Britain postcodes, known as Code-Point Open, has been made available online since 1 April by Ordnance Survey.
The Code-Point Open list includes median coordinates for each postcode but excludes postcodes in Northern Ireland and the Crown dependencies.
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großbritannien post - join. happensPorto online bestellen Zollbestimmungen. Informationen hierzu erhalten Sie in Ihrer Filiale. Weiterführende Informationen Wir weisen darauf hin, dass die Russische Post zur Erleichterung der Zustellung empfiehlt, bei Warensendungen auf der Zollinhaltserklärung die Mobilnummer des Empfängers anzugeben. Die Beförderungsdauer für Warensendungen beträgt wegen Zollbearbeitung etwa 2 - 4 Wochen. Ralph Allen , Postmaster in Bath , unterzeichnete zwischen und eine Reihe von Verträgen mit dem Post Office, um das britische Postnetz zu entwickeln und zu erweitern. Der Zustellpartner führt 2 Zustellversuche an der Empfängeradresse durch. Wir weisen darauf hin, dass die Russische Post zur Erleichterung der Zustellung empfiehlt, bei Warensendungen auf der Zollinhaltserklärung die Mobilnummer des Empfängers anzugeben. Für Sendungen in den Iran, die Waren für kommerzielle Zwecke enthalten, ist - unabhängig vom Warenwert - immer eine Ausfuhranmeldung nötig. Every post office in the numbered district was also to display this information. But most postcodes wo ist die titanic gesunken shared by several adroid properties, typically covering about 15 addresses. This code is incorrect. The structure of a postcode is that of two alphanumeric codes, the first made up of between two and four characters, and the second made post großbritannien of three characters. For glück drück, Toxteth was Liverpool 8. Please contact us for any question. S heffield U nited Football Club. Aston Martin after their long line of iconic sports cars that bear the " DB " moniker. The level of discrimination is often based on the amount of mail received by the premises or business. You have selected to pay by bank transferyou will find our bank details casino homeland the invoice. Office for National Statistics.
But most postcodes are shared by several neighbouring properties, typically covering about 15 addresses. There are also significant numbers of discontinued terminated codes.
Each month some 2, postcodes are created and 2, terminated. The PAF is commercially licenseable and is often incorporated in address management software packages.
The capabilities of such packages allow most addresses to be constructed solely from the postcode and house number.
By including the map references of postcodes in the address database, the postcode can be used to pinpoint a postcode area on a map. PAF is updated daily.
A complete list of all current Great Britain postcodes, known as Code-Point Open, has been made available online since 1 April by Ordnance Survey.
The Code-Point Open list includes median coordinates for each postcode but excludes postcodes in Northern Ireland and the Crown dependencies.
A further difference is that non-current postcodes, and dates of introduction and withdrawal of postcodes are included.
While postcodes were introduced to expedite the delivery of mail, they are useful tools for other purposes, particularly because codes are very fine-grained and identify just a few addresses.
The phrase " postcode lottery " refers to the variation in the availability of services by region, though not always because of postcodes. For these and related reasons, postcodes in some areas have become indicators of social status.
Some residents have campaigned to change their postcode to associate themselves with a more desirable area,  to disassociate with a poorer area  or to be associated with an area with a lower cost of living.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Postcode areas in the United Kingdom and its dependencies. Postcode districts Post towns Postal counties London postal district.
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Retrieved 5 October Policy options for geographic information from Ordnance Survey: Archived from the original on 30 December Archived from the original on 16 July Retrieved 28 June Retrieved 8 October Royal Mail Group plc.
Retrieved 25 October Retrieved 31 July Archived from the original on 4 October Retrieved 30 July Retrieved 5 December How EU entered historic Conservative address".
Archived from the original on 5 May Archived from the original on 16 June Archived from the original PDF on 6 November HM Revenue and Customs. Archived from the original on 31 July World Snooker ".
Retrieved 9 September The organisation of the Post Office and its letter post operations". Archived from the original PDF on 19 January Archived from the original PDF on 31 October The Organisation of the Post Office and its letter post operations".
Archived from the original on 8 July Retrieved 9 May Archived from the original on 13 March Archived from the original on 28 June They will receive mail in the order of their route, so they can get straight out on delivery.
Archived from the original on 22 February Archived from the original PDF on 7 April Retrieved 21 June Archived from the original on 16 October Office for National Statistics.
Retrieved 4 January Archived from the original on 26 May Postal services in the United Kingdom. Postage stamps and postal history. British Overseas Territories and Crown Dependencies have different operators and regulatory arrangements.
Retrieved from " https: Postal codes by country introductions Postcodes in the United Kingdom Lists of postal codes Postal history of the United Kingdom Postal addresses by country.
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British Indian Ocean Territory. South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands. Tristan da Cunha . Turks and Caicos Islands .
T V L icensing . Bank of Scotland part of L loyds B anking Group  — non-geographic address. B arclays B ank  — non-geographic address.
N ational A ssembly for Wales. U niversity of W arwick. Aston Martin after their long line of iconic sports cars that bear the " DB " moniker.
N ational S avings certificates administration. Olympic H and b all Arena now the Copper Box. The S u n newspaper.
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Giro bank now Santander Corporate Banking. Two L ochs R adio. E lectoral R eform Services  . S t J ohnstone Football Club.
S heffield U nited Football Club. S heffield W ednesday Football Club. N ation w ide Building Society. Buckingham Palace the Monarch. The D aily T elegraph newspaper.
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